Chiral Tunneling of Topological States: Towards the Efficient Generation of Spin Current Using Spin-Momentum Locking

K. M. Masum Habib, Redwan N. Sajjad and Avik W. Ghosh, Physical Review Letters , 114 :176801 (2015).

Abstract

We show that the interplay between chiral tunneling and spin-momentum locking of helical surface states leads to spin amplification and filtering in a 3D topological insulator (TI). Our calculations show that the chiral tunneling across a TI pn junction allows normally incident electrons to transmit, while the rest are reflected with their spins flipped due to spin-momentum locking. The net result is that the spin current is enhanced while the dissipative charge current is simultaneously suppressed, leading to an extremely large, gate-tunable spin-to-charge current ratio (∼20) at the reflected end. At the transmitted end, the ratio stays close to 1 and the electrons are completely spin polarized.